By Jesse Cohen
Investing.com - Coronavirus headlines could hang over the market in the coming week, as China reported an additional 89 deaths on Sunday, bringing the total number of deaths in the mainland to 811.
The global death toll from the new coronavirus is now at 813, higher than that of SARS.
There will also be important testimony from Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell, who appears Tuesday and Wednesday before congressional panels on the economy and monetary policy.
Meanwhile, on the data front, market players will pay attention to this week's U.S. consumer price data, which should give clearer signs on the pace of inflation.
There are also U.S. retail sales figures for January, which investors will be eyeing for further signs on the strength of the American consumer.
In earnings, there are 68 S&P 500 companies reporting results in the week ahead, as the earnings season on Wall Street starts to wind down.
Ahead of the coming week, Investing.com has compiled a list of the five biggest events on the economic calendar that are most likely to affect the markets.
1. Coronavirus Headlines
China reported an additional 89 deaths on Sunday, bringing the total number of people killed by the fast-spreading coronavirus to 811 in the mainland. The global death toll for the new coronavirus currently stands at 813, including one death in the Philippines and another in Hong Kong.
That number exceeds the global number of deaths from SARS, which killed at least 774 people and infected 8,096 people worldwide in 2002 and 2003, according to data from the World Health Organization.
The National Health Commission said on its website that 2,656 new cases were confirmed as of end Saturday. This brings the total number to 37,198 in mainland China.
Hubei province, the epicenter of the outbreak, accounts for most of the deaths and cases around the world.
The cumulative number of deaths in the province reached 780 after an additional 81 deaths were recorded as of end Saturday. The Hubei Provincial Health Committee said there was an additional 2,147 new cases, bringing the total of confirmed cases to 27,100.
The Chinese economy will sputter towards normal on Monday after the coronavirus outbreak forced an extended holiday, although numerous stores and factories will remain shut and many white-collar employees will continue working from home.
The toll on China's already-slowing economy has been heavy, with Goldman Sachs (NYSE:) cutting its first quarter GDP target to 4% from 5.6% previously and saying an even deeper hit is possible.
2. Fed Chair Powell Testifies
Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell is set to deliver his semi-annual monetary policy testimony on the economy before Senate and House committees in Washington DC.
Powell is scheduled to testify before the House Financial Services Committee at 10:00AM ET (1500GMT) Tuesday. On Wednesday, he will appear in front the Senate Banking Committee, also at 10AM ET.
Text of the testimony will be released 90 minutes before he starts speaking.
The Fed chair is expected to reinforce the signal that policy is on hold given the labor market continues to tighten and private consumption growth remains solid.
3. U.S. Inflation
The Commerce Department will publish January inflation figures at 8:30AM ET (1330GMT) Thursday.
Consumer prices are expected to have risen 0.2% last month, according to estimates, matching the increase seen for December. On a yearly base, CPI is projected to climb 2.5%, up from 2.3% a month earlier.
Excluding the cost of food and fuel, core inflation prices are forecast to have gained 0.2% last month and 2.2% over the prior year.
Rising inflation would be a catalyst to push the Fed toward raising interest rates at a faster pace than currently expected. Weakening inflation will likely add to expectations that the U.S. central bank will need to slow its pace of rate hikes.
4. U.S. Retail Sales
The Commerce Department will release data on retail sales for January at 8:30AM ET (1330GMT) Friday.
The consensus forecast is that the report will show retail sales rose 0.3% last month, after rising at the same pace in December. Excluding the automobile sector, sales are also expected to increase 0.3%.
Rising retail sales over time correlate with stronger economic growth, while weaker sales signal a declining economy. Consumer spending accounts for as much as 70% of U.S. economic growth.
5. Earnings Season Starts to Wind Down
Earnings season on Wall Street moves into its final stretch.
Results from Restaurant Brands International, Allergan (NYSE:), and Loews (NYSE:) will capture the market's attention on Monday.
Lyft (NASDAQ:), UnderArmour, AutoNation (NYSE:), Hilton, Hasbro (NASDAQ:), Dominion Energy, and Lattice Semiconductor are on the agenda for Tuesday.
CVS Health (NYSE:), Shopify, Cisco (NASDAQ:), Applied Materials (NASDAQ:), CyberArk, CME Group (NASDAQ:), Barrick Gold, Teva Pharma, and MGM Resorts report results on Wednesday.
Thursday sees Alibaba (NYSE:), Nvidia, Pepsico (NASDAQ:), Kraft Heinz (NASDAQ:), Roku, AIG (NYSE:), Expedia (NASDAQ:), Mattel (NASDAQ:), Wyndham Hotels, and post earnings.
Finally, Canopy Growth, and Newell Brands are among the few reporting on Friday.
-- Reuters contributed to this report